Posts Tagged ‘water’
Litoria species of frogs occur throughout the Mt Warning (Wollumbin) Caldera Region of NE NSW & SE QLD. Byron Shire, in the Northern Rivers of NSW has many lowlands, wetlands, small catchments, remnant forest ecosystems and development and vegetation / habitat clearing pressures. Tweed Shire , in the Northern Rivers of NSW, the same. Both Shires have lowland estuarine and swamp (high water table) vegetation communities that can often have their water tables changed by inappropriate development. The re-shaping of catchments, and thus ground water flows and sedimentation areas, can have far reaching consequences for our beautiful East Coast Australian Frogs.
Litoria Species do not always need to live in the low wetland areas. some can be found higher up, on perched water table areas, wet and dry rainforests – indeed anywhere that there is clean water and habitat condusive to breeding and living successfully as a frog.
The little Frog in the photos is Litoria latopalmata, from what I can work out.
Lets have a look at some websites about this beautiful little frog:
Native animals of the Gold Coast’s eucalypt forests and woodlands Google HTML doc of the PDF
Native animals living in or near creeks and rivers of the Gold Coast (Gold Coast City Council) Google HTML doc of the PDF
A survey of the frogs of Nixon and Little Nerang Creeks adjacent to the proposed Gold Coast Hinterland Great Walk route. 2005 googleHTML doc for the same PDF at the EPA Queensland Government (Environmental Protection Agency QLD)
bluecray Regional Environmental News Search – Mt Warning Caldera Litoria latopalmata – search
bluecray.org : more photos of the little (Litoria sp. ) frog here
Australian Frog Calls, Subtropical Eastern Australia - by David Stewart
Organic Gardening , growing food with love and respect for the environment, dates back further than the history of writing. Once the different cultures of the world became agrarian, they began to settle and accumulate wealth. This wealth took on differing forms, and today, much of this wealth supports entire sections of our society.
Running through this history is the legacy of growing food organically. This legacy is extremely old, sustainable and healthy. It is based on living with biodiversity, water conservation and practical plant breeding and cultivation. Scientific knowledge has enhanced Organic Growing on many levels, however, it has also unwittingly caused the demise of much organic growing throughout the world.
I have just been for a short journey up to the Beechmont Plateau (Mt Warning Caldera Region), in the hinterland of the Gold Coast, Queensland. There are quite a few Organic Growers around Beechmont, and in the surrounding area.The Beech Mountain General Store has a nice range of Quality Organic food, and dotted along the roadside are a number of produce outlets. Some practice Permaculture principles, some simple organics, some sell the food to the public on the Beechmont Plateau and others grow and collect seed for the industry.
The organics industry is not only for food. It is also for textiles, beauty products, herbs and medicines, fodder crops, land restoration and habitat management to mention a few things.
Back in the 1980’s, I was lucky enought to meet with the Brisbane Organic Growers. Their founding members were an inspiration to me, full of knowledge, sharing and practical stories. Before, and since that time, many other organic groups have started up. About the same time, I started meeting permaculture enthusiasts and bio-dynamic growers. All growers echoed similar principles of respect, love and natural increase for the land they worked with. Permaculture offers a wider range of sustainable options to just organic growing -Permaculture is about sustainable lifestyle and much much more.
From then, I have watched the evolution of the Organic Standards across Australia, the melding into mainstream society of organic growing and the contrasting, very mainstream “traditional growing” of the Agricultural Chemical Industry, high energy input, monoculture, water intensive farming practices that still make up the mainstay of Australian agricultural and horticultural industries.
The more natural, time proven method of growing “organically” helps create more life force in the biosphere, by building up the soil and it’s humus, the natural systems about the growing area and keeping networked people close in the natural system.
The less natural method – by far the most common type practiced in Australia, helps destroy the life force in the biosphere, based on extensive machinery cultivation, soil destruction, weed & pest chemical warfare, genetic modification and alientation from the smaller natural systems closeby.
It is easy to be trapped by the latter system – decades of education have sustained it. Easy wealth and pride have championed it. Science has condoned it and further been made rich by it. There are many farmers (corporate, community, family, individual and small scale) who are trapped by it’s methods, beliefs, quick fix mentality and prestige.
It is not hard to change from one method to the other. Nature backs the organic way. Nature leads us back to the organic way. Urbanised social systems and leaders (economics etc)back the other way. Now, I know who I would put my money on, in this regard.
Yes, I would back nature over urbanised social economics any day for best practice sustainable outcomes. There is a growing population of people supporting Organics and the Industries that support Organic Farming.
Each time you buy a spray, run a machine, over irrigate, and consume, consume, you are eating away at nature:-
- by subsidising chemical companies and their stranglehold on non biodiverse seed crops:
- by subsidising a petrochemical industry that has a history of environmental degradation that is almost unsurpassed;
- by using water that is stored and diverted for irrigation purposes, thus justifying more and more large dams;
- by giving your money and power to giant industries that control genetic manipulation, you support constant release of new and often dangerous new chemicals into the food chains of earth;
These above practices are furthering the myth of prestige through large industry, machine and landholdings.
You are, in short, giving your money to the people who are not very well educated in sustainable ways and land custodianship, and expecting them to take care of you, in return.
With organics, you are subsidising nature, often subsiding local community, creating a healthier planet and showing by example that it can be done this way. You are helping nature in growing the biosphere.
Now, don’t get me wrong – Science has alot to offer – valuable learnings, recipes, methods, machines : HOWEVER……..I shall back nature over the monocultured/genetically modified/irrigation , chemical and machine intensive system any day!
Some useful LINKS:
Select Organic – seeds for home gardeners
Organic Food Directory : Regional Organic Groups
Gold Coast Organic Farmers Market : location, times, articles, information
Threeworlds Organic Pizza Mermaid Beach Gold Coast, Qld Australia
Biological Farmers of Australia – Australia’s largest representative Organic Body: increasing consumer awareness of organic food and supporting growth of local food economies
- The Bio-Dynamic Agricultural Association of Australia (BDAAA) : farmer based advisory organisation for commercial producers
- The Bio-Dynamic Research Institute (BDRI) : Organic and Bio-Dynamic Certification Organisation responsible for the DEMETER Trademark (Australian Accredited).
- Biodynamic Marketing Co. Ltd. (BDMC) : Distributes Bio-Dynamic produce to Australian consumers and facilitates export
National Association for Sustainable Agriculture, Australia -Australian and International Organic Certifier : resources, networks, links, steps to organic certification
Organic Research Group -Links for Organic Research ( University of New England, Armidale, NSW, Australia)
Organic Growers of Australia – links and more
EcoDirectory : food, farming, blogging, organics and alot more
USA : National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service : Market Gardening – A Start Up Guide . Although in USA, this site still offers relevent info for starting up a market garden
Finding a market in Mt Warning Caldera Region (NE NSW & SE QLD) : you can try some of the following links to locate a market in this region-
- Big Volcano – Farmers and weekend Markets guide
- Gold Coast Good Food Guide : Regional Markets guide
- The Byron Shire Echo – Portal to the Byron Shire and Tweed Shire Echo
- beechmont.org au – local markets info
- Tambourine Chamber of Commerce and Industry Inc -EVENTS – close to the Mt Warning Caldera Region, Mt Tambourine has a rich biodiversity, farming and markets industry –
- kyogle.nsw.au – community directory – community markets
- Markets in Northern Rivers of NSW, Australia
- Paramountpublicationhouse.com – Markets in the Northern Rivers, NSW, Australia
- My Tickets Blog – First time guide to Farmer’s Markets
- Startlocal : Organic Food Product Stores Australia – regional listings