Posts Tagged ‘water’

Water

March 4, 2009
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Water links : Mt Warning Caldera Region & Darling River Catchments, NSW/QLD, Australia

Litoria species – a little Frog of Wetlands, Forests and Woodlands – Habitat Care and Stewardship

March 4, 2009

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Litoria species of frogs occur throughout the Mt Warning (Wollumbin) Caldera Region of NE NSW & SE QLD.   Byron Shire, in the Northern Rivers of NSW has many lowlands, wetlands, small catchments, remnant forest ecosystems and development and vegetation / habitat clearing pressures. Tweed Shire , in the Northern Rivers of NSW, the same. Both Shires have lowland estuarine and swamp (high water table) vegetation communities that can often have their water tables changed by inappropriate development. The re-shaping of catchments, and thus ground water flows and sedimentation areas, can have far reaching consequences for our beautiful East Coast Australian Frogs.

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Litoria Species do not always need to live in the low wetland areas. some can be found higher up, on perched water table areas, wet and dry rainforests – indeed anywhere that there is clean water and habitat condusive to breeding and living successfully as a frog.

The little Frog in the photos is Litoria latopalmata, from what I can work out.

Lets have a look at some websites about this beautiful little frog:

Gold Coast City Council – Litoria latopalmata    a photo

Native animals of the Gold Coast’s eucalypt forests and woodlands Google HTML doc  of the PDF  

Native animals living in or near creeks and rivers of the Gold Coast (Gold Coast City Council) Google HTML doc of the PDF

The frogs of NSW Wetlands at NSW Department of Natural Resources  

Litoria latopalmata (Broad Palmed Frog) at Amphibiaweb : distribution, photos, links, specimen search

Call and video list on Amphibiaweb   

Litoria latopalmata at Frogs Australia Network – Australian Frog Database   

ICUN Redlist of threatened species :  Broad-Palmed Rocket Frog – Litoria latopalmata  

Australian Government Action Plan for Frogs “Checklist of Australian Frogs”      

A survey of the frogs of Nixon and Little Nerang Creeks adjacent to the proposed Gold Coast Hinterland Great Walk route. 2005  googleHTML doc for the same PDF at the EPA Queensland  Government  (Environmental Protection Agency QLD)

Australian Faunal Directory   at  the     Australian Biological Resources Study  –  web page for    Species Litoria latopalmata Günther, 1867 (Broad-palmed Frog, Gunther’s Frog)

Amphibian’s Keepers LicenceNSW Government – Google HTML Doc

Wetland Link :  Wetland Management tools for NSW  and some legislative info? 

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bluecray frog links  

bluecray Regional Environmental News Search – Mt Warning Caldera  Litoria latopalmata – search

bluecray.org   : more photos of the little (Litoria sp. ) frog here

NSW Department of Water & Energy  

NSW Department of Primary Industries   

NSW Department of Environment & Climate Change   

NSW Department of Lands

Australian Frog Calls, Subtropical Eastern Australia - by David Stewart 

 

I found this little frog in a bucket, that was left outside last night. I put the little frog into the wettest, most protected part of the garden, and it hopped away

I found this little frog in a bucket, that was left outside last night. I put the little frog into the wettest, most protected part of the garden, and it hopped away

Organic Gardening and Growing the Biosphere

February 22, 2009

Organic Gardening , growing food with love and respect for the environment, dates back further than the history of writing. Once the different cultures of the world became agrarian, they began to settle and accumulate wealth. This wealth took on differing forms, and today, much of this wealth supports entire sections of our society.

Running through this history is the legacy of growing food organically. This legacy is extremely old, sustainable and healthy. It is based on living with biodiversity, water conservation and practical plant breeding and cultivation. Scientific knowledge has enhanced Organic Growing on many levels, however, it has also unwittingly caused the demise of much organic growing throughout the world.

I have just been for a short journey up to the Beechmont Plateau (Mt Warning Caldera Region), in the hinterland of the Gold Coast, Queensland. There are quite a few Organic Growers around Beechmont, and in the surrounding area.The Beech Mountain General Store has a nice range of Quality Organic food, and dotted along the roadside are a number of produce outlets.  Some practice Permaculture principles, some simple organics, some sell the food to the public on the Beechmont Plateau and others grow and collect seed for the industry.

pk_goes_to_beechmont_markets1PK on his way to the Beechmont Markets – across roadways, fences, cleared land and new developments – he finally makes it!!!

The organics industry is not only for food. It is also for textiles, beauty products, herbs and medicines, fodder crops, land restoration and habitat management to mention a few things.

Back in the 1980’s, I was lucky enought to meet with the Brisbane Organic Growers. Their founding members were an inspiration to me, full of knowledge, sharing and practical stories. Before, and since that time, many other organic groups have started up.  About the same time, I started meeting permaculture enthusiasts and bio-dynamic growers. All growers echoed similar principles of respect, love and natural increase for the land they worked with.  Permaculture offers a wider range of sustainable options to just organic growing -Permaculture is about sustainable lifestyle and much much more.

From then, I have watched the evolution of the Organic Standards across Australia, the melding into mainstream society of organic growing and the contrasting, very mainstream “traditional growing” of the Agricultural Chemical Industry, high energy input, monoculture, water intensive farming practices that still make up the mainstay of Australian agricultural and horticultural industries.

The more natural, time proven method of growing “organically” helps create more life force in the biosphere, by building up the soil and it’s humus, the natural systems about the growing area and keeping networked people close in the natural system

The less natural method – by far the most common type practiced in Australia, helps destroy the life force in the biosphere, based on extensive machinery cultivation, soil destruction, weed & pest chemical warfare, genetic modification and alientation from the smaller natural systems closeby.

It is easy to be trapped by the latter system – decades of education have sustained it.  Easy wealth and pride have championed it.  Science has condoned it and further been made rich by it.  There are many farmers (corporate, community, family, individual and small scale) who are trapped by it’s methods, beliefs, quick fix mentality and prestige.

 

It is not hard to change from one method to the other. Nature backs the organic way. Nature leads us back to the organic way.  Urbanised social systems and leaders (economics etc)back the other way. Now, I know who I would put my money on, in this regard. 

Yes, I would back nature over urbanised social economics any day for best practice sustainable outcomes.  There is a growing population of people supporting Organics and the Industries that support Organic Farming.

Each time you buy a spray, run a machine, over irrigate, and consume, consume, you are eating away at nature:-

  • by subsidising chemical companies and their stranglehold on non biodiverse seed crops:
  • by subsidising a petrochemical industry that has a history of environmental degradation that is almost unsurpassed;
  • by using water that is stored and diverted for irrigation purposes, thus justifying more and more large dams;
  • by giving your money and power to giant industries that control genetic manipulation, you support constant release of new and often dangerous new chemicals into the food chains of earth;

These above practices are furthering the myth of prestige through large industry, machine and landholdings.

 You are, in short, giving your money to the people who are not very well educated in sustainable ways and land custodianship, and expecting them to take care of you, in return.

With organics, you are subsidising nature, often subsiding local community, creating a healthier planet and showing by example that it can be done this way. You are helping nature in growing the biosphere.

Now, don’t get me wrong – Science has alot to offer – valuable learnings, recipes, methods, machines : HOWEVER……..I shall back nature over the monocultured/genetically modified/irrigation , chemical and machine intensive system any day! 

Some useful LINKS:

Seed Savers Network 

Select Organic – seeds for home gardeners

Organic Food Directory : Regional Organic Groups

Gold Coast Organic Farmers Market : location, times, articles, information

Threeworlds Organic Pizza Mermaid Beach Gold Coast, Qld Australia

Biological Farmers of Australia – Australia’s largest representative Organic Body: increasing consumer awareness of organic food and supporting  growth of local food economies

Demeter Bio-Dynamic Agriculture in Australia – 

  • The Bio-Dynamic Agricultural Association of Australia (BDAAA) : farmer based advisory organisation for commercial producers 
  • The Bio-Dynamic Research Institute (BDRI) : Organic and Bio-Dynamic Certification Organisation responsible for the DEMETER Trademark (Australian Accredited).
  • Biodynamic Marketing Co. Ltd. (BDMC) : Distributes Bio-Dynamic produce to Australian consumers and facilitates export

National Association for Sustainable Agriculture, Australia  -Australian and International Organic Certifier : resources, networks, links, steps to organic certification

Organic Research Group -Links for Organic Research ( University of New England, Armidale, NSW, Australia)

Organic Growers of Australia  – links and more

You Pick It – Farms & Roadside stalls at Organic Food Directory – Australia – find food by location, learn more about Organics and reasons to become Organic or support the Organic Industry 

EcoDirectory : food, farming, blogging, organics and alot more

USA : National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service : Market Gardening – A Start Up Guide . Although in USA, this site still offers relevent info for starting up a market garden

Finding a market in Mt Warning Caldera Region (NE NSW & SE QLD) : you can try some of the following links to locate a market in this region-

Qld Department of Primary Industries & Fisheries 

NSW Department of Primary Industries and Associated Agencies


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