Posts Tagged ‘habitat’

Wildlife leaves Glyphosate Bank – finds refuge in Organic Garden

March 22, 2009

21-03-2009Previous Bluecray articles have dealt with consequences of using herbicides in land stewardship. I have written these stories around Butterflies, Rufous Bettongs, Goannas and Frogs. The stories have links below.

However, there are many small animals (vertebrate and non vertebrate) that inhabit the weedy areas of the Mt Warning Caldera Region.  Some of these weed infested areas are often chosen for active land management , such as revegetation, habitat enhancement and enforced weed management.

I would like to say more about glyphosate and lantana management.

There is a trend to mass spray herbicides to manage the threat of Lantana, as it overtakes poorly managed land throughout SE QLD and NE NSW and much of Australia. This is being done in the name of BIODIVERSITY, habitat restoration and healing the land. However, the irony of it all, is that the acts of clearing, herbicide use and mass “management” actions, unless followed up immediately by vigilant seeding, planting, stock management and general land stewardship, will create more areas of threatened biodiversity and more areas of “weed”.

weeds.org.au – An Australian Weeds Committee National Initiative – Weeds PORTAL

Weeds.org.au – about John Thorp – policy and weed strategy directions

The Dynamics of Lantana camara Invasion of subtropical Rainforest in SE Queensland  by Daniel Stock – at Australian Digital Thesis Program (Griffith University 2005)

Macleay’s Swallowtail – a beautiful green and brown butterfly – bluecray.org

Philosophy of Environmental Destruction in the Name of Healing -bluecray.org

Litoria species – a little Frog of Wetlands, Forests and Woodlands – Habitat Care and Stewardship – bluecray Balance of Faeries blog

PK & Litoria look for Rufous Bettong – a threatened species listed as vulnerable by the NSW Government – bluecray Balance of Faeries blog

Rufous Bettong and the Glyphosate Bank – bluecray.org

PK and Litoria look for Rufous Bettong, and on the way, meet up with Goanna – bluecray Wisdom in the Land blog

Goanna leaves the glyphosate Bank, the butterflies leave too – bluecray Wisdom in the Land blog

Why Goanna left the Glyphosate Bank - bluecray.org

Growing by Organics – Food Gardens and Sharing – bluecray Wisdom in the Land blog

Land and Water Stewardship in the Mt Warning Caldera Region  - food for thought – bluecray.org

 

The Mt Warning Caldera Region has many disturbed, poorly managed lands and waterways. Lantana, Camphor Laurel and many other "weed" species abound. There is a trend for revegetation projects, (land for Wildlife, landcare, caring for our country etc) to incorporate herbicide spraying into the projects. Many projects are along waterways.

The Mt Warning Caldera Region has many disturbed, poorly managed lands and waterways. Lantana, Camphor Laurel and many other "weed" species abound. There is a trend for revegetation projects, (land for Wildlife, landcare, caring for our country etc) to incorporate herbicide spraying into the projects. Many projects are along waterways.

PK & Litoria look for Rufous Bettong – a threatened species listed as vulnerable by the NSW Government

March 6, 2009

There are 25 threatened marsupials in NSW - (NSW  Government Threatened Species). The Rufous Bettong is one of these threatened species.

I share some mutual habitat with a Rufous Bettong that lives nearby,  in Upper Burringbar, NE NSW.  Thickets of vegetation, old fallen tree logs, a  variety of niches to  set up a nesting spot and stay for a while to live. This  could definitely be appealing to a Rufuous Bettong

PK & Litoria learn from Goanna how the Grass got sick, and that Rufous Bettong has moved

PK & Litoria learn from Goanna how the Grass got sick, and that Rufous Bettong has moved

The gully and surrounding land is part of  this Rufous Bettong’s territory. Its home and backyard.  This land was sprayed last year with glyphosate. Since then, the tall grass has died and fallen over. 

Hortico Weed Killer  360 Concentrate   Material Safety Data Sheet  (MSDS SHEET) = GLYPHOSATE  MSDS

The pathways and resting spots of other small animals that lived there were more  apparent for a while after the spraying. Eventually the wildlife  re-adapted their travel and lifestyles.  The changing of the landscape can have many consequences.

The dead thatched layer of this sprayed gully was quite high, and opened up  in places.

The Rufous Betong had nested in one such thatched area  when I walked next to it. I disturbed the Bettong and  gave it a fright.

Extracting itself from the undergrowth, it thumped away very quickly. Poor dear Rufous Bettong!

Lesson 1 :  Aepyprymnus rufescens -RUFOUS BETTONG  * =  beautiful!!!

 lesson 2 : sudden change and human traffic can cause stress to a vulnerable animal… a threatened species listed animal – marsupial… one of 25 listed little darlings

lesson 3 : Rufous Betong , one of 25 threatened Marsupials in NSW  RUFOUS BETTONG  - vulnerable marsupial species listing in NSW

Rufous Bettong distribution and vegetation association - Northern Rivers, New South Wales

NSW Environmental Legislation   

Rufous Bettong at the Marsupial Society of Australia  

bluecray.org  : see original article here, with more Threatened Species links :  Rufous Bettong and the Glyphosate Bank

bluecray search engine : Rufous Bettong  

bluecray Regional Environmental News – Mt Warning Caldera  SEARCH : Rufous Bettong

Holiday time for PK & Litoria, near Egg Rock

March 4, 2009

PK , the Phantom Kola & Litoria the tiny Rocket Frog, go for a holiday near Egg Rock  in the Numinbah Valley, Gold Coast Hinterland, SE QLD Australia.

They meet with some challenges along the way:

Lots of hot sunny hills, even hotter roads, sprayed fence and creek lines, mowed grass habitats with barking dogs, a fierce hail storm,  brushcutters, more dogs and concreted, bare waterholes!

Eventually , just when they think they are safe, PK discovers…….the HIGHWAY! and Litoria, lost in a road drain tries to find a hiding spot from a snake. 

Eventually, they meet up at the roundabout. Food and shelter is getting sparse. If only Chin Ting, the little dragonfly would arrive, and give them directions! 

 

PK & Litoria the Frog meet at the roundabout. They have been facing strenuous peril on their holiday north across the coastal border of NSW & QLD. Hopefully Chin Ting (the dragonfly) will arrive, and save the day!

PK & Litoria the Frog meet at the roundabout. They have been facing strenuous peril on their holiday north across the coastal border of NSW & QLD. Hopefully Chin Ting (the dragonfly) will arrive, and save the day!

Litoria species – a little Frog of Wetlands, Forests and Woodlands – Habitat Care and Stewardship

March 4, 2009

litoria_latopalmata_burringbar3

Litoria species of frogs occur throughout the Mt Warning (Wollumbin) Caldera Region of NE NSW & SE QLD.   Byron Shire, in the Northern Rivers of NSW has many lowlands, wetlands, small catchments, remnant forest ecosystems and development and vegetation / habitat clearing pressures. Tweed Shire , in the Northern Rivers of NSW, the same. Both Shires have lowland estuarine and swamp (high water table) vegetation communities that can often have their water tables changed by inappropriate development. The re-shaping of catchments, and thus ground water flows and sedimentation areas, can have far reaching consequences for our beautiful East Coast Australian Frogs.

litoria_latopalmata_burringbar2

Litoria Species do not always need to live in the low wetland areas. some can be found higher up, on perched water table areas, wet and dry rainforests – indeed anywhere that there is clean water and habitat condusive to breeding and living successfully as a frog.

The little Frog in the photos is Litoria latopalmata, from what I can work out.

Lets have a look at some websites about this beautiful little frog:

Gold Coast City CouncilLitoria latopalmata    a photo

Native animals of the Gold Coast’s eucalypt forests and woodlands Google HTML doc  of the PDF  

Native animals living in or near creeks and rivers of the Gold Coast (Gold Coast City Council) Google HTML doc of the PDF

The frogs of NSW Wetlands at NSW Department of Natural Resources  

Litoria latopalmata (Broad Palmed Frog) at Amphibiaweb : distribution, photos, links, specimen search

Call and video list on Amphibiaweb   

Litoria latopalmata at Frogs Australia Network – Australian Frog Database   

ICUN Redlist of threatened species :  Broad-Palmed Rocket Frog – Litoria latopalmata  

Australian Government Action Plan for Frogs “Checklist of Australian Frogs”      

A survey of the frogs of Nixon and Little Nerang Creeks adjacent to the proposed Gold Coast Hinterland Great Walk route. 2005  googleHTML doc for the same PDF at the EPA Queensland  Government  (Environmental Protection Agency QLD)

Australian Faunal Directory   at  the     Australian Biological Resources Study  -  web page for    Species Litoria latopalmata Günther, 1867 (Broad-palmed Frog, Gunther’s Frog)

Amphibian’s Keepers LicenceNSW Government – Google HTML Doc

Wetland Link :  Wetland Management tools for NSW  and some legislative info? 

litoria_latopalmata_burringbar5

bluecray frog links  

bluecray Regional Environmental News Search – Mt Warning Caldera  Litoria latopalmata – search

bluecray.org   : more photos of the little (Litoria sp. ) frog here

NSW Department of Water & Energy  

NSW Department of Primary Industries   

NSW Department of Environment & Climate Change   

NSW Department of Lands

Australian Frog Calls, Subtropical Eastern Australia - by David Stewart 

 

I found this little frog in a bucket, that was left outside last night. I put the little frog into the wettest, most protected part of the garden, and it hopped away

I found this little frog in a bucket, that was left outside last night. I put the little frog into the wettest, most protected part of the garden, and it hopped away

Australia’s Bushfire Legacy : An Ash Oracle

February 15, 2009

The Victorian Bushfires and Australia’s Bushfire Legacy highlight Australia’s environmental future regarding Urban and Rural Planning within an Australian Fire Prone Landscape.  Stephen J. Pyne,  (professor at Arizona State University and author of two FIRE books – “Burning Bush: A Fire History of Australia” 1991 and “The Still-Burning Bush”  2006), wrote a ‘must read’ article in The Australian’s Opinion column on January 10th 2009.  

Professor Pyne’s article  ” Bushfire leader becomes laggard”   highlights the need for Australians to look beyond the ARSON and GLOBAL WARMING perspective to what is right under our Aussie sunscreened noses and our romantic virgin green environmental mindsets:

1. The Australian Bush is a complex, diverse and dynamic feature  - critically important to our sustainable future. Fire is an integral part of this dynamic environmental heritage across the vast and diverse regional forest, woodland and grassland habitats of Australia.

2. Global Warming and Arson consequences underline our urgent need to properly understand and manage fire in our urban and rural landscapes. However, fire storms in many parts of Australia can, and will still occur regardless of Global Warming and Arson.

3. Urban and Rural Planning play a critical role in Fire Storm defense as Germaine Greer so aptly and forcefully suggests in her recent article in The Times online .

Urban & Rural and Regional Planning roles should include above and beyond what is already current (**see links below):

  • Clear, practical, easy to access and understand guidelines for regional and local  fire management strategies
  • Pro-active support of trained Rural Fire Authorities by all levels of government via technology and substantially increased capital inputs and educational outreach centres 
  • Building and infrastructure design guidelines, including shelters and building & infrastructure industry codes 
  • Development design guidelines geared to Biodiversity & Fire Regimes
  • Biodiversity maintenance based on sound local knowledge and not hypothetical “money talks”  nature disassociated  engineering principles
  • Community education
  • Consultation with local indigenous peoples who carry with them oral instruction on local fire management, 
  • AND, above all, taking the emotional response out of fire management and placing it back into the hands of those that understand the nature of fire, instead of misguided political movers and shakers

4. Each and every child in Australia should have, at the core of their education syllabus:-

  • Environmental Education on equitable terms with Economic Education (something that was not created by the 2020 Summit) : including Fire Education and Land Stewardship  
  • Fire understanding, from pre-school level, that goes beyond how to put out a small fire or survival when the smoke alarm rings in the school ground  
  • National syllabus should include starting, controlling  and putting out fires, understanding the nature of the different types of fires that our future will present to them and how to LIVE with FIRE 
  • Understanding the role of fire in Australian Vegetation Landscapes and Habitats, the dynamics & cycles of Vegetation Communities and the history of Fire Management in Australia
  • Recognising fire prone landscapes, situations and seasons
  • Knowledge of fire defense (back burning, burning off, fuel management in landscapes), community fire warnings and emergency procedures    

pk_ponders_a_big_fire_in_mt_warning_caldera_region

Phantom Koala ponders a big fire in the Mt Warning Caldera Region! Chin Ting says: “Don’t worry PK, if the fires come – You can run into the surrounding bushland….. that is….. if the PLANNING LAWS promote sensible prescribed burning and keep enough safe places for you to run to”

**Links: 

Searching for Fire Management Guidelines in the NSW Government Department of Planning – Planning Guidelines for Hazardous Development appears to still be in the pipeline?  (Hazardous Industry Planning Advisory Paper No2. : Fire Safety Study Guidelines Consultation Draft July 2008 )  

Bushfire Guidelines : NSW Government Department of Planning

NSW Rural Fire Service 

Searching for Fire Management Guidelines in the Qld Department of Infrastructure & Planning  - here is the Current Qld Government’s Planning & Development Laws list

Qld Government : Department of Infrastructure and Planning :- Planning and Growth

Qld Government State Planning Policies : including Guideline for SPP1/03 Mitigating the Adverse Impacts of  Flood, Bushfire and Landslide 1.0

Qld Rural Fire Service

http://fhsarchives.wordpress.com/2009/02/10/historian-stephen-j-pyne-on-the-australian-fires/

Nature Conservation Council of NSW : 25th July 2008 Re: National Koala Conservation Strategy Review – Nature Conservation Council Submission  

COAG 2003 Bushfire Enquiry  ” The Inquiry’s Terms of Reference … issues related to bushfire mitigation and management that are of national significance;  opportunities for enhanced cooperation and the adoption of national best practice. The Inquiry took account of the work and findings of other bushfire inquiries.” findings released 24th Jan 2005.  Find the report here at Report of the National Inquiry into Bushfire Mitigation and Management  at the COAG website

“a review of current knowledge and literatue assist in determining ecologically sustainable fire regimes for the southeast queensland region” 2000 at Cuong Tran Southeast Queensland Fire and Biodiversity Consortium page on the COAG website

Bluecray.org FIRE links


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